Melasma is characterized by patchy hyperpigmentation on the face and is due to a combination of hormones and sun exposure in certain individuals. Oral contraceptives and pregnancy are known to exacerbate this condition. Ultraviolet A radiation (UVA), the type of UV rays that contribute to melasma, are present year round and penetrate through clouds and glass windows. For this reason, avid sun protection is essential to both the prevention and treatment of melasma. In addition, topical agents (over the counter and prescription), chemical peels, and some laser and light treatments can be used to achieve optimal results.